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焊接英语专业术语
1.1 焊接方法
焊接方法与设备(Welding process& facility)
手工电弧焊(MAW:manual arc welding)
电弧焊(arc welding) 埋弧电弧焊(SAW:submerged arc welding)
气焊(gas welding) 氩弧焊(argon arc welding)
气体保护电弧焊 CO2保护焊(CO2 shielded arc welding)
熔化焊 (GMAW—gas metal arc welding)
fusion welding 电渣焊(ESW—electroslag welding)
激光焊(LW—laster welding)
等离子焊(PAW—plasma arc welding)
摩擦焊(FRW—friction welding)
焊接 压力焊 超声波焊(UW—ultrasonic welding)
welding pressure welding 冷压焊(CPW—cold pressure welding)
锻焊(FW—forge-welding) 对焊butt welding
电阻焊(RW—resistance welding) 缝焊seam welding
点焊spot welding
烙铁钎焊 iron soldering
火焰钎焊 torch brazing/ torch soldering
钎焊 炉中钎焊 furnace brazing/ furnace soldering
soldering/brazing 盐浴钎焊 saltbath dip brazing (soldering)
真空钎焊 vacuum brazing
堆焊 overlaying welding
平焊 downhand welding/flat welding
横焊 horizontal welding
立焊 vertical welding
仰焊 overhead welding
全位置焊 all position welding/positional welding
半自动电弧焊 Semi-automatic arc welding
钨极惰性气体保护电弧焊 (TIG) tungsten inert-gas arc welding
熔化极惰性气体保护电弧焊 (MIG)metal inert-gas arc welding
1.2 焊接设备
电弧焊机 arc welding machine
直流弧焊机 DC arc welding machine
交流弧焊机 AC arc welding machine
交直流两用弧焊机 AC/DC arc welding machine
氩弧焊机 argon arc welding machine
二氧化碳弧焊机 CO2 arc welding machine
埋弧焊机 submerged arc welding machine
焊接机头 welding head
行走机构 traveller
送丝机构 wire feeder
焊丝盘 wire reel
焊钳 electrode holder
焊枪 welding gun
碳弧气割 carbon arc air gouging
火焰气刨 flame gouging
焊接夹具 welding jig/ fixture
等离子弧焊机 plasma arc welding machine
等速送丝方式 constant wire-feed system
变速送丝方式 alternate wire-feed system
点焊机 spot welding machine
缝焊机 seam welding machine
对焊机 butt resistance welding machine
凸焊机 projection welding machine
2、 焊接材料及焊接工艺(welding materials& procedure)
2.1 焊接材料
碳钢 carbon steel
合金钢 alloy steel
不锈钢 stainless steel
耐热钢 high-temprature steel
铸铁 casting
铜/黄铜 copper
青铜 bronze
铝 aluminium
镁 magnisium
钛 titanium
钨 tungsten
镍 nickel
铬 chromium
2.2 焊接工艺
焊接技能 welding technique
焊接方法 welding process
焊接工艺welding procedure
焊接操作 welding operation
焊接顺序 welding sequence
焊接方向 welding progress
焊缝宽度 weld width
焊缝厚度 weld throat
焊缝余高 weld reinforcement
焊缝长度 weld length
焊接参数 welding parameter
焊接电流 welding current
焊接速度 welding speed
焊接电压 welding voltage
焊接变形 welding deformation
根部间隙 root opening
焊缝正面 face of weld
焊缝背面 root surface of weld
对接接头 butt joint
角接接头 corner joint
焊接性 weldability
T型接头 T- joint
搭接接头 lap joint
十字接头 cruciform joint
热影响区 heat-affected zone
接头设计 joint design
熔合线 weld interface
过热区 overheated zone
后热 postheat
预热 preheat
熔深 depth of fusion
焊道 weld bead
焊缝成型系数 form factor of the weld
碳当量 carbon equivalent
焊接经验 welding experience
考试机构 examining body
焊接工艺规程 (WPS) welding procedure specification
标准焊接工艺规程 (SWPS)standard welding procedure specification
工艺评定记录(PQR) procedure qualification record
焊接工艺预规程 (pWPS)preliminary welding procedure specification
试验的焊接材料 tested welding materials/consumable
焊接管理人员 welding co-ordination/manage personnel
预生产焊接试验 pre-production welding test
3、 焊接缺陷与无损检验(welding defects and non-destructive test)
3.1 焊接缺陷
夹渣 slag inclusion
夹钨 tungsten inclusion
夹杂物 inclusion
白点 fish eye
气孔 porosity
烧穿 burn-through
咬边 undercut
焊接裂纹 welding crack
焊瘤 overlap
弧坑裂纹 crater crack
弧坑 pit/crater
热裂纹 hot crack
冷裂纹 cold crack
延迟裂纹 delayed crack
层状撕裂 lamellar tearing
纵向裂纹 longitudinal crack
横向裂纹 transverse crack
焊接应变 welding strain
焊接残余应力 welding residual stress
焊接应力 welding stress
焊接变形 welding deformation
未焊透 incomplete penetration, lack of penetration
未熔合 incomplete fusion,lack of penetration
3.2 无损检验
试件 test piece
试样 test specimen
无损检验 non-destuctive test/examination
裂纹试验 cracking test
外观检验 visual examination
耐压试验 pressure test
射线探伤 radiographic inspection
面弯试验 face bend testing
超声波探伤 ultrasonic inspection
背弯试验 root bend test
磁粉探伤 magnetic particle inspection
侧弯试验 side bend test
X射线探伤 X-ray radiographic inspection
横弯试验 horizontal bend test
破坏检验 destructive test
纵弯试验 axial bend test
渗透探伤 penetration/transmission inspection
4、 焊接生产及安全(welding production&safety)
焊接工作台 welding bench
焊接操作台 welding manipulator
焊接变位器 welding positioner
焊工升降台 welder’s lifting platform
质量检查 QC=quality control
质量保证 QA=quality assurance
焊接车间 welding shop
面罩 helmet
滤光玻璃 filter plate
焊工手套 welder’s glove
电焊电缆 Welding cable
电焊发动机 Welding generator
焊接电源 Welding source
电焊工 manual arc welder
气焊工 gas welder
焊把 weld handle
焊枪 welding pistol
焊接烟尘 welding fume
防护鞋 shielding shoes
焊工尘肺 pheumocomsis of welder
焊接检验员 weld inspector
焊工合格证 welder qualification certification
焊工操作资格 welder performance/operation qualification

 
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